Which statement best describes eating a diet high in whole grains?
increased risk of iron deficiency
increased risk of tooth decay
increased risk of type 2 diabetes
reduced risk of obesity
Ideally, the food or liquids you ingest will pass from your mouth to your pharynx and then to your:
The production of nitrosamines in the stomach is decreased by vitamin C. Describe nitrosamines.
Carcinogens (a substance capable of causing cancer in living tissue)
Inhibitors of calcium absorption
Fruits and vegetables
The advantages of moderate alcohol usage in those 35 years and older include:
decreased risk of ischemic strokes (clot)
increased risk of breast cancer
decreased risk of hemmorhagic (bleeding) stroke
decreased risk of liver failure
Sulfur-containing organic molecules, or organosulfur compounds, have antioxidant, anticancer, and antibacterial properties. Which of the following groups of chemicals has the most organosulfur compounds?
Which of the following foods should you eat to get your omega-3s?
According to the MyPlate guidelines, the dairy group is designed to provide _____ in the diet.
GERD is the result of _____.
relaxation of the sphincter
the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
an esophagus infection
tension of the pyloric sphincter
When consumed from foods, beta-carotene is a(n) _____
dangerous to the human body
Death from starvation is often the result of _____
What is one of the primary functions of the colon?
the secretion of amino acids
The absorption of carbohydrates
The absorption of water
The secretion of fats
The vast majority of absorption occurs in the _____
The microbiome (microbes) in your gut has an impact on a number of health-related factors, including your risk of becoming obese. Which of the following diets influences your microbiome community in a way that raises the risk of obesity?
a vegan diet
a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet
a diet that emphasizes red meat
a Mediterranean diet
As a general statement, sleeping less than 6 hours a night is associated with a(n) _____.
increased life span
strengthened immune system
increased risk of obesity
decreased risk of type 2 diabetes
Of the following, which one is high in vitamin E?
Absorption of dietary calcium is aided by _____
Which of the following statements is true regarding weight loss?
The risk of dying increases
Type 2 diabetes risk increases
Chronic inflammation risk decreases
Type 4 diabetes risk increases
The mixing and breaking apart of a mass of food as occurs in the small intestine
The series of muscular contractions that begins in the esophagus and moves the contents of the digestive tract towards the rectum
The detoxification of drugs as occurs in the liver
The mechanical breakdown of food as occurs in the mouth
Bile plays a role in the digestive systems processing of _____
Current recommendations are for protein to make up _____ of an adult’s total energy intake
10% – 35%
45% – 65%
no more than 7%