Which artificial sweetener should phenylketonuria sufferers avoid? (PKU is a congenital disorder in which the amino acid phenylalanine accumulates in the body.)
Binge-and-purge disorder is referred to as __.
night eating disorder
What does a hysterectomy mean?
Removal of the liver
Removal of the uterus
Removal of the penis
Removal of the ovaries
The birth canal is also referred to as the .
The amount of __ determines breast size.
fat that is present
muscles in the breast
sexual partners a woman has had
Even though it provides (almost) 0 calories to the diet, which of the following is essential?
Milk is secreted by females through the __.
Deliberate self-starvation is a characteristic of which of the following eating disorders?
night eating syndrome
binge eating disorder
Why is it that the average adult male’s basal metabolic rate is greater than the average adult female’s?
Males have a larger body muscle proportion than females, whereas females have a higher body water percentage.
Males have a larger body water percentage than females, but females have a higher body muscle %.
Males have a lower body fat percentage than females, while females have a larger body water percentage.
Females have a larger amount of body fat than males, whereas males have a higher percentage of body muscle.
Barrett’s esophagus is a disorder that raises the chance of __
Why does the FDA advise women of childbearing age to avoid eating certain fish like swordfish and shark?
These fish are rich in mercury.
These fish smell and could make the women sick.
These fish don’t taste good during pregnancy.
The omega-3 fatty acids found in these fish prolong bleeding time during delivery.
The vegetable category is supposed to offer __ in the diet, according to the MyPlate standards.
Fats supply __ calories per gram.
A population-level statement may be made that a __ diet is the best for maintaining health.
Which of the following is not a part of MyPlate (the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy) but is part of the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid?
Which of the following diets is the most effective for losing weight?
The one that works for you
Protein should make up _% of an adult’s overall calorie consumption, according to current recommendations.
10% – 35%
no more than 1%
45% – 65%
Males are more likely to retain body fat in (on) their _.
abdominal body cavity
Foods high in phytates include _.
unleavened whole grain
The __ is the source of estorgen.
The purpose of Pap smears is to detect what?
Adults should get _% of their total calories from fats, according to current recommendations.
0% to 1%
The __ is the organ that produces testosterone.
The __ is covered by the mons pubis.
The meaning of ingestion is __
the process of removing indigestible particles from the body through the anus
the act of taking food or liquid into the digestive system
every sort of food molecule’s enzymatic degradation
Series of waves of contraction and relaxation of the muscular layer of the GI tract that propels food through the GI tract
Fiber-rich diets tend to be low in _ and . Diets with fiber content tend to be high in and _.
fat; sugar; phytochemicals; minerals
sugar; minerals; vitamins; fat
vitamins; minerals; kcal; fat
phytochemicals; minerals; fat; vitamins
It is suggested that you get your first colonoscopy at age __ years if you have no known risk factors.
Dietary calcium absorption is boosted by _.
The fruit group is supposed to offer __ in the diet, according to the MyPlate guidelines.
The Mediterranean Diet Pyramid emphasizes getting the majority of your dietary fat from __.
Cheese & eggs
Red meat & poultry
Fish & olive oil
Butter & red wine
The vast bulk of absorption takes place in the _.
Many elements of health, including the risk of obesity, are influenced by the microbiome (microbes) that live in your gut. Which of the following diets leads to an increase in obesity risk in your microbiome community?
a lacto-bacillo vegetarian diet
a diet that emphasizes red meat
a vegan diet
a Paleo diet
Which of the following parts of the body does not produce digestive enzymes?
In general, consuming _____will result in the largest increase in blood triglyceride levels, gram for gram.
Body mass index (BMI) does not take into account __ as a health indicator.
waist circumference, location of body fat, blood pressure, percent body fat, blood lipid profile, insulin sensitivity
children and teens separately from adults
A tooth’s pulp cavity (inside) contains _ .
blood vessels and nerves
A vasectomy is the cutting of the _.
Is there a distinction between hunger and appetite?
Appetite is the desire to eat, whereas hunger is the necessity to eat.
There is no difference in hunger and appetite.
Hunger signals that you are about to get famished, and appetite is your body’s way of making sure you eat before you go hungry.
Appetite is the need to eat, whereas hunger is the want to eat.
Meats should be __ in order to avoid disease.
cooked until they are, at least, completely charred.
cooked at least until they are pink on the inside.
cooked until they are well done.
Sleeping fewer than 6 hours each night is related with a(n) __ in general.
increased risk of obesity
strengthened immune system
decreased risk of heart attack
increased life span