History

How Well Do You Know The History From 1900 to 1959? Take The Challenge and Pass This Quiz!

The period from 1900 - 1959 may be some of the most influential decades in human history. Take this quiz to find out your knowledge of history in this era.

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The National Labor Relations Act is sometimes known as the __ Act, after the Senator who presented it to the Senate floor.

Roger

Henry

Samson

Wagner

Wagner
Workers have the right to collective bargaining and unionization under the Wagner Act.

What year did The Great War begin in Europe?

1915

1900

1916

1920

1916
The Easter Uprising was a 1916 armed insurgency in Dublin, Ireland, with the purpose of overthrowing British rule.

During the early twentieth century, African Americans began to migrate from southern to northern areas to escape Jim Crow segregation. What is the name of the movement that saw 6 million individuals from the deep south migrate to the north in quest of equal opportunity?

Black Concsciousness Movement

The Great Migration

Freedom of Culture Movement

Anti-Racism Movement

The Great Migration
The Great Migration demonstrates how African Americans desired equality so much that they were willing to uproot their families and go to other areas of the country. Unfortunately, bigotry and hostility persisted in the North for many of them.

In 1930, what prominent person organized a peaceful march against British control of India’s salt production?

Mohandas Gandhi

Martti Ahtisaari

Henry Davidson

Indira Gandhi

Mohandas Gandhi
The Indian people was unable to make or sell salt during British control, and was obliged to purchase expensive, typically imported salt. To challenge these policies, Gandhi employed civil disobedience.

In 1915, German U-boats sunk this passenger ship, prompting the United States to enter World War One:

RMS Lusitania

RMS Titanic

SS Serendipity

Amazonite

RMS Lusitania
Following a German torpedo hit, the Lusitania sunk fast off the coast of Ireland, killing over 1,000 passengers, including 128 Americans.

He was a renowned engineer who served as United States food administrator and director-general of the American Relief Administration before winning the 1928 presidential election. What is his name?

Woodrow Wilson

Herbert Hoover

Calvin Klein

George Washington

Herbert Hoover
Before becoming president, Hoover accomplished amazing things by aiding those in need abroad during World War I. He took office just before the Great Crash in 1929, which was the very worst time for him to do so. His attempts to rehire millions of people while having no economic expertise were unsuccessful. Unfortunately, Hoover is not often seen as a good leader.

During the Roaring Twenties, a speculative bubble popped, causing the stock market to plummet and unleashing the country’s greatest economic crisis and depression. This economic downturn impacted all developed countries, reducing global output and commerce. When did the Great Crash take place?

1929

1925

1930

1924

1929
The Great Crash was caused by land and stock speculation, Britain’s return to the gold standard, record-high trading, a succession of booms and busts, burgeoning margin purchases, and an infusion of gold on Wall Street. The Great Depression was caused by income inequality, trust and company structures, an unstable financial system, international trade imbalances, and a lack of economic knowledge.

In 1913, this Ford vehicle was the first mass-produced car on a moving assembly line:

Ford Model K

Ford Model B

Ford Model T

Ford Model G

Ford Model T
The world’s first moving assembly line for the mass automotive assembly was for Ford Model T. It has cut vehicle assembly time to 30 minutes.

After the Supreme Court struck down a section of the National Recovery Administration, what president vowed to fill the Supreme Court?

Herbert Hoover

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Calvin Coolidge

Harry Truman

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
FDR vowed to fill the Supreme Court with judges who would support New Deal policies. Congress never approved the measure, and FDR lost electoral support as a result. However, the Court upheld the federal government’s ability to regulate labor-management interactions.

In 1948, which of these countries proclaimed their independence?

Italy

Finland

Israel

Ukraine

Israel
After the Ottoman Empire fell apart after WWI, the British empire acquired possession of Palestine. In 1917, the British government published the Balfour Declaration, stating the empire’s intention to support the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. Truman recognized Israel on the same day that it was founded (May 14, 1948). This is a volatile region since it is home to individuals of both Israeli and Palestinian origin.

What is the connection between Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), two Supreme Court cases?

One argued that restricting jury service to white men was constitutional while the other repudiated that notion.

One ignored the exclusionary principle, while the other incorporated the fourth amendment through the fourteenth.

One said the president was above the law, the other said they were not.

One invalidated the separate but equal doctrine, while the other enforced it.

One invalidated the separate but equal doctrine, while the other enforced it.
The court unanimously concluded that segregation in public schools was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause. The Civil Rights Movement gained strength as a result of this lawsuit.

Disneyworld

Toblerone Park

Six Flags

Disneyland

Disneyland
Many amusement parks were developed along public transit lines on the outskirts of cities. One of them was Disneyland. This pattern lasted until the second part of the twentieth century.

Between April 14 and 15, 1912, which renowned Belfast-built ship sank?

Mary Rose

Titanic

Vasa

Sultana

Titanic
The Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the Atlantic after striking with an iceberg while sailing from Southampton to New York City.

In 1927, this legendary baseball player set a home run record. Hank Aaron, an MLB player, did not break this mark until 1974.

Babe Ruth

Lou Gehrig

Ryne Sandberg

Ty Cobb

Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth was the most famous athlete of his day. He spent 22 years in Major League Baseball.

In 1938, the first _ comic was released in the United States. In 2014, this particular issue sold for $3.2 million.

Hulk

Superman

X-Men

Batman

Superman
Superman is one of the most well-known superheroes of all time.

In what year did Congress enact the Jones–Shafroth Act, granting Puerto Ricans citizenship in the United States?

1910

1914

1917

1921

1917
After the Spanish-American War, the United States seized Puerto Rico, which became a US territory in 1898. Since the early twentieth century, the United States has recognized all Puerto Ricans as citizens.

What is the name of the practice of fabricating false accusations, promoting communist fear, and increasing public censorship, which is named after a Wisconsin senator?

Transcendentalism

Anarchism

Conservatism

McCarthyism

McCarthyism
During the Korean War, Joseph McCarthy claimed to have a list of government communists, though this was never confirmed. The Senator gained favor among the public and hawks in Washington due to the fear of communism at the time. McCarthy’s popularity faded almost completely after his challenge to the US Army in 1954.

During the Prohibition era, organized crime flourished. What was the name of the epic Chicago gang war between an Irish and an Italian gang that saw mobster Al Capone and the South Side Italian gang kill seven people?

St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

Rosewood Massacre

Saturday Night Massacre

Manson Murders

St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
Due to Prohibition and the illicit sale and distribution of alcohol, gang violence was at an all-time high in the 1920s. Al Capone, a well-known criminal in Chicago, was in control of both alcohol and drug delivery.

In 1941, the Japanese destroyed the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, forcing the United States to enter World War II. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared in a speech to the country that this was a “day that will live in infamy.” What was the date?

November 7th

December 7th

July 7th

June 13th

December 7th
The bombings of Pearl Harbor drew the United States into the war, but it had been assisting the Allies since the war began in 1939. The United States sold weaponry to France and the United Kingdom and provided aid through the Lend-Lease Act.

In 1957, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik satellite into space. The US government worried about falling behind the Russians in the Space Race. As a result, in 1958, the US government established what agency?

Men in Black (MIB)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

National Security Agency (NSA)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
The US was pitted against the Soviet Union not only on land, but also in space. The two countries were vying for global power and influence. This includes space and technological race, as well as a tremendous rise in nuclear weapons.

What company was crucial to the American air force because it designed the B-17 and B-29 bombers? This corporation disguised its industrial plants as farmland to prevent potential assaults.

DuPont

General Electric

Mercedes-Benz

Boeing

Boeing
Boeing was founded in Seattle in the early twentieth century. In WWII, the firm was critical to the US air force’s efforts, and it has since produced commercial aircraft and aerospace products.

Newspaper

Radio

Youtube

Television

Radio
During WWI, the radio was used. Following WWI, radio became more popular and accessible to Americans.

The attacks on Pearl Harbor by Imperial Japan resulted in Japanese incarceration. What other reason do historians believe the US government opted to intern the Religionbesides the threat of national security?

Religion

Communism

Racism

Facism

Racism
Historians such as Peggy Pascoe, M. Ngai, and Nayan Shah have all shed light on American bigotry toward Asian people, especially Japanese Americans’ imprisonment during WWII.

What was the codename for the US nuclear weapons development program?

The Brooklyn Project

The Oppenheimer Project

The Manhattan Project

The Chicago Project

The Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project was a nuclear research and development project that resulted in nuclear weapons being developed. Robert Oppenheimer was in charge, and the British and Canadian governments backed him up.

What is the name of the World War II cultural icon most strongly linked with women factory and navy yard workers?

Captain Carter

Rosie the Riveter

Mother Freedom

Lady Liberty

Rosie the Riveter
Thousands of women worked in factories while their husbands fought in the war. Rosie posters emphasized women’s abilities in the workplace. Similar posters were made by the US government (as well as allied governments) to encourage women to enter the workforce at this time. Women were in charge of developing weaponry and aircraft, both of which were critical to the war effort.

The waterway that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans is crucial for maritime trade. The United States seized responsibility of the waterway’s development in 1904, under President Theodore Roosevelt. It was finally completed in 1914. What is the name of this body of water?

Erie Canal

Welland

Panama Canal

Suez

Panama Canal
From 1914 through 1979, the Panama Canal was under US control. In 1999, the Republic of Panama took over control of the area. The canal is mostly used for maritime trade between the US and East Asian countries.

Elvis Presley released what beautiful tune, first recorded by musician Big Mama Thornton, in 1956? It went on to become his best-selling single, earning him the title of “King of Rock and Roll.”

Hound Dog

It’s Now Or Never

Burning Love

Can’t Help Falling in Love

Hound Dog
Most Americans did not applaud Elvis’ live performance of “Hound Dog” in 1956. Many people thought Elvis was an over-the-top, talentless performer. In the 1994 film ‘Forrest Gump,’ this act was shown.

Following the open racial segregation of Rosa Parks on public transit, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. launched what nonviolent movement in Montgomery, Alabama in favor of fair treatment and equal rights for blacks?

salt march

diner sit-in

bus boycott

Boston march

bus boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, in which black people refused to ride public transit for a year, lasted from 1955 to 1956. Montgomery’s public transportation system was then ordered to be integrated by the US Supreme Court. MLK was only 26 years old when he became the nonviolent Civil Rights movement’s leader.

Little Boy and Fat Man were two atomic bombs detonated on Japan, quickly killing thousands of people and leaving more with radiation illness. What two cities were destroyed by the dropping of these two weapons? What two cities were devastated by the dropping of these two weapons?

Hiroshima and Kyoto

Kyoto and Tokyo

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Nagasaki and Tokyo

Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6, 1945, the United States unleashed the first bomb on Hiroshima. The explosion instantly killed 80,000 people. Three days later, the US launched the second bomb on Nagasaki, killing 40,000 people. Shortly after, Japan surrendered.

What non-fiction gained author John Steinbeck the National Book Award, a Pulitzer Prize, and eventually a Nobel Prize after it was released in 1939:

The Grapes of Wrath

The Catcher in the Rye

Nineteen Eighty-Four

A Tree Grows in Brooklyn

The Grapes of Wrath
The Grapes of Wrath is a book a family traveling through the Midwest of the United States during the Great Depression then trapped in the Dust Bowl. It depicts the sufferings that millions of people faced throughout the 1930s.

In the 1930s, this great racehorse became a symbol of optimism for many Americans.

Seabiscuit

Seattle Slew

American Pharoah

Kelso

Seabiscuit
In the aftermath of the Great Depression, Americans had little prospect of economic and job recovery. Seabiscuit was an unlikely winner. Horse racing, especially the triumph of Seabiscuit, gave Americans an avenue for enjoyment during this terrible period.

In 1919, the first airplane flew over what body of water:

Mediterranean Sea

Atlantic Ocean

Red Sea

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean
The long-distance capabilities of airplanes were significantly increased because to WWI technology. Charles Lindbergh is well known for flying alone across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris, France, in 1927. However, Lindbergh was the 19th person to undertake the journey.

On February 26, 1919, Congress designated which natural landform as a National Park?

Yellowstone National Park

Grand Canyon National Park

Zion National Park

Yosemite National Park

Grand Canyon National Park
On February 26, 1919, the Grand Canyon was designated as a national park.

Following WWII, the decolonization movement allowed countries all over the world to attain independence in the 1950s. The Suez Canal, which had been co-owned and governed by the French and British since its completion in the mid-1800s, was nationalized in 1956 by which country?

Jordan

Ukraine

Egypt

Russia

Egypt
Although British and French soldiers were rushed to the region to safeguard the canal, Eisenhower denounced the move and pressed for a truce between the European countries. This was a pivotal period since most European colonies across the world were decolonizing, and the United States sought to distance itself from European colonialism. The United States’ decision to support Egypt’s Nasser against its allies was a risky political move.

After Joseph Stalin’s death, who became the Soviet Union’s Premier? He was famous for the “Thaw” of the 1950s and early 1960s, when the Soviet authorities momentarily relaxed censorship and persecution of the Russian people.

Yuri Gagarin

Nikita Khrushchev

Leonid Hofstader

Mikhail Gorbachev

Nikita Khrushchev
Unlike Stalin, who was infamous for purges, the assassination of political opponents, the deportation of millions of people to Siberia, the control of the media, and widespread propaganda, Khrushchev promoted de-Stalinization. He liberated political prisoners from the Gulags, liberalized the media, and reduced censorship.

Vietnam was considered a colonial territory of what European nation from 1887 to 1954?

Ukraine

France

United States

Philippines

France
French Indochina, their colonial possession in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam. However, France’s capacity to govern its colonial regions was hampered by the Nazi invasion of France in 1940.

Connect Words

Boggle

Checkers

Scrabble

Scrabble
Scrabble is now available in 29 languages and has sold about 150 million units worldwide. A Scrabble set is found in around one-third of all American homes.

During the Cold War, jazz performers such as Dizzy Gillespie, Louis Armstrong, and Dave Brubeck toured abroad with integrated jazz bands to symbolize “American principles.” What president launched this joint CIA/State Department operation?

John F. Kennedy

Kenny Rogers

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Douglas McArthur

Dwight D. Eisenhower
The US government hoped that by employing jazz and jazz artists, it might appeal to other people of color in decolonized governments, allowing the US to achieve political and economic influence in such areas during the Cold War with the Soviet Union.

What country hosted the Easter Uprising of 1916?

France

Ireland

Greenland

Finland

Ireland
1916’s Easter Uprising was an armed uprising in Dublin, Ireland, with the aim of overthrowing British control in the country. Despite the fact that the revolt failed to overthrow the might of the British military, it did boost Irish nationalism and pave the way for the Irish War of Independence.

Between 1935 and 1939, which European country had a civil war?

Spain

Germany

Japan

England

Spain
This conflict pitted leftists against right-wing revolutionaries. Some claim that it was a battle between democratic and fascist forces.

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