Science & Technology

The Psychology 101 Quiz: Could You Pass It? Lets Test Your Way Of Thinking.

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The mind seeks to know how people think, act, and behave. This complex branch of science deals with conscious and unconscious phenomena and is exciting to study. Let’s take this quiz to see if you can pass Psychology 101!

Sigmund Freud proposed a three-part structure for the human psyche: the id, ego, and _____.

Supermind

Superego

Universe

Heart

Superego
According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality, the id, ego, and superego are the three fundamental components of the psyche. These three components come into play at various stages of life, and their interactions significantly impact how people behave.

Who is a well-known Russian psychologist best known for their studies on the canine digestive system?

Ivan Pavlov

Aleksei N. Leontiev

John Watson

Alexander Zaporozhets

Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, made significant contributions to the field of classical conditioning. He conducted a great deal of research on dogs’ digestive and salivary responses, which led to the theory that particular things and situations can cause a conditioned response.

What well-known branch of psychology strongly emphasizes the “how” of mental processes?

School Psychology

Sport Psychology

Cognitive Psychology

Developmental Psychology

Cognitive Psychology
In cognitive psychology, the “how” of all mental operations is investigated. For instance, cognitive psychologists study how people learn and comprehend various types of information.

The five tiers of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs have __ at the top and physiological at the bottom.

Compassion

Esteem

Self-Actualization

Safety

Self-Actualization
Because higher needs do not surface until after lower needs have been met, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is arranged in a pyramidal fashion. The top pyramid represents self-actualization, esteem, love and belonging, safety, and physiological conditions.

The word “psychology” has Greek roots that translate to “study of the psyche” or ” _____.”

Body

Head

Hands

Soul

Soul
The Greek word “psyche,” which means “soul,” “spirit,” or “breath,” is where the term “psychology” originates. The word’s other half comes from the Greek word “logia,” which means “study of” or “research.”

What is the psychological condition in which a person holds two or more opposing beliefs, ideas, or values?

Anxiety

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Depression

Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive dissonance happens when a person has contradictory thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes. Smokers aware of the harmful effects of smoking are an excellent example of this.

The study and theories created by Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget are well-known in what field?

Sexuality

Childhood Development

Dietary Preferences

Memory Loss

Childhood Development
Jean Piaget is well-known for his contributions to the field of child development, particularly his theory of cognitive development. This theory looked into how various children change intellectually as they grow up.

Two academic fields gave psychology of what initial foundation?

Anthropology and Philosophy

Ecology and Physiology

Biology and History

Philosophy and Physiology

Philosophy and Physiology
Work in the disciplines of philosophy and physiology served as the foundation for psychology. In actuality, it wasn’t until the late 1800s that psychology began to develop as a distinct academic field. William James and Wilhelm Wundt are credited with establishing psychology as a separate science from philosophy.

Which of the following is NOT one of psychology’s four main objectives?

Control

Pacify

Describe

Explain

Pacify
The four main goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and control other people’s behavior and mental processes, even though it’s always a good idea to appease them.

This branch of psychology includes the profound writings of Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, and Anna Freud.

Humanism

Structuralism

Behaviorism

Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis
Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, and Anna Freud contributed significantly to our understanding of psychoanalysis. This school of thought discusses how the unconscious mind affects how people behave.

How do you define metacognition?

Awareness of the thoughts of others.

A smaller, less important form of cognition.

Awareness of one’s own thought processes.

Awareness of one’s own physical body.

Awareness of one’s own thought processes.
The word “meta,” which means “beyond” or “on top of,” is the root of the concept of metacognition. Therefore, this phrase refers to one’s awareness and capacity for thought control.

The human brain has approximately 86 billion nerve cells (AKA neurons). One of the four main components of a neuron is which of the following?

Dendrites

Axon

Axon Terminal

Cell Head

Cell Head
It is the job of neurons, which are part of the nervous system, to transmit information to other nerve cells and bodily regions. The dendrites, cell body, axon, and axon terminal are the four main components of a neuron.

Autophobia is the fear of _____, whereas acrophobia is the fear of heights.

Blood

Being Alone

Automobiles

Spiders

Being Alone
The fear of being alone or lonely is known as autophobia or monophobia. Anxiety can arise for those with this phobia regardless of their location or current circumstances.

The following anxiety disorders are distinguished by unexpected and recurring bouts of what intense fear?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Panic Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Panic Disorder
Panic disorder is characterized by unexpected and recurring irrational fear, usually accompanied by physical symptoms. These physical symptoms can range from heart palpitations and dizziness to chest and abdominal pain.

The following statements most accurately sum up classical conditioning.

A learning process where four images are repeatedly used.

A learning process where one stimuli is repeatedly studied.

A form of endurance training.

A learning process where two contrasting stimuli are repeatedly paired.

A learning process where two contrasting stimuli are repeatedly paired.
A learning process known as classical conditioning involves pairing two stimuli, one of which is biologically potent and the other previously neutral. Using this process, researchers can identify the conditioned response, also known as the learned response.

This area of the brain is in charge of hormone production, appetite regulation, and sexual behavior control.

Hypothalamus

Cerebellum

Pituitary

Temporal Lobe

Hypothalamus
A tiny portion of the brain, called the hypothalamus, is situated at the base, close to the pituitary gland. It regulates body temperature, upholds daily physiological cycles, manages sexual behavior, releases hormones, controls appetite, and controls emotions.

The individual’s capacity for free will is what this psychology school emphasizes most.

Gestalt

Behaviorism

Humanism

Psychoanalysis

Humanism
In contrast to behaviorism and psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology strongly emphasizes the individual’s free will, personal development, and self-actualization.

Folk psychology’s fundamental meaning.

The study of various mental processes in humans.

The study of how people are influenced by the presence of others.

The understanding of how everyday people perceive behavior and mental states.

The study of the behavior and mental processes of non-human animals.

The understanding of how everyday people perceive behavior and mental states.
Folk psychology, also called commonsense psychology, examines how regular people, or those without a strong background in science, go about acrimoniously attributing mental states. The data gathered from ordinary people is then contrasted with viewpoints from science.

Whose influential mind is credited with founding psychology?

Wilhelm Wundt

Edward B. Titchener

Sigmund Freud

John B. Watson

Wilhelm Wundt
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt was an outstanding professor, physiologist, doctor, and philosopher. For his part in establishing psychology as a separate, independent science, he is known as the “father of psychology.”

This kind of memory involves the conscious storing and remembering of information.

Implicit Memory

Explicit Memory

Semantic Memory

Procedural Memory

Explicit Memory
Declarative memory also referred to as explicit memory, is a type of long-term memory that necessitates awareness. This type of memory, in contrast to implicit memory, involves the conscious retention and recall of information.

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